Temperament: How Music Became a Battleground for the Great Minds of Western Civilization

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Vintage #ad - The contentious adoption of the modern tuning system known as equal temperament called into question beliefs that had lasted nearly two millenia–and also made possible the music of Beethoven, Chopin, Schubert, Debussy, and all who followed. Filled with original insights, and portraits of some of the greatest geniuses of all time, fascinating anecdotes, Temperament is that rare book that will delight the novice and expert alike.

Temperament: How Music Became a Battleground for the Great Minds of Western Civilization #ad - . Indeed, from the time of the ancient greeks through the eras of Renaissance scientists and Enlightenment philosophers, the relationship between the notes of the musical scale was seen as a key to the very nature of the universe. In this engaging and accessible account, religion, placing them in the context of quarrels in the worlds of art, Stuart Isacoff leads us through the battles over that scale, philosophy, politics and science.

Few music lovers realize that the arrangement of notes on today’s pianos was once regarded as a crime against God and nature, Kepler, da Vinci, or that such legendary thinkers as Pythagoras, Plato, Galileo, Descartes, Newton and Rousseau played a role in the controversy.

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How Equal Temperament Ruined Harmony and Why You Should Care

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W. W. Norton & Company #ad - How Equal Temperament Ruined Harmony and Why You Should Care #ad - A fascinating and genuinely accessible guide. Educating, enjoyable, and delightfully unscary. Classical music what if bach and mozart heard richer, more dramatic chords than we hear in music today? What sonorities and moods have we lost in playing music in "equal temperament"―the equal division of the octave into twelve notes that has become our standard tuning method? Thanks to How Equal Temperament Ruined Harmony, "we may soon be able to hear for ourselves what Beethoven really meant when he called B minor 'black'" Wall Street Journal.

In this "comprehensive plea for more variety in tuning methods" Kirkus Reviews, Ross W. 48 illustrations W w norton Company. Duffin presents "a serious and well-argued case" Goldberg Magazine that "should make any contemporary musician think differently about tuning" Saturday Guardian.

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Tuning and Temperament: A Historical Survey Dover Books on Music

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Dover Publications #ad - Tuning and Temperament: A Historical Survey Dover Books on Music #ad - Organized chronologically, the book features a helpful glossary and numerous illustrative tables, and it requires minimal background in music theory. This new reissue is currently the only edition in print of a much-quoted classic. 9 figures. 180 tables. This guide surveys these longstanding problems, devoting a chapter to each principal theory and offering a running account of the complete history of tuning and temperament.

. W w norton Company. The demands of tuning attaining the perfect scale and temperament the compromises necessary for composing in every key have challenged musicians from the earliest civilizations onward.

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Beethoven: Impressions by His Contemporaries Dover Books on Music

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Dover Publications #ad - W w norton Company. Describing Beethoven. There are notes on the young beethoven by his father's landlord, by the instrumentalists czerny, who sang early performances of Fidelio, Tomaschek, and Liszt, Moscheles, and Spohr, by the poets Goethe and Grillparzer, by young Beethoven's piano teacher, by admiring friends, by such musical giants as Rossini, Weber, by Röckel and Schröder-Devrient, and by many others.

The book is illustrated with sixteen portraits of Beethoven. Arranged chronologically, preserving a happy medium between the overly heroic treatments of the composer prevalent in the nineteenth century, this engrossing collection presents a remarkably full and convincing picture of Beethoven and his time, and the severe tendency of our own time.

Beethoven: Impressions by His Contemporaries Dover Books on Music #ad - The almost legendary disorder of beethoven's house, improviser, his eating habits, his abilities as pianists, sight-ready, his growing deafness and ill-health, his daily walks in all weathers, his tendency to be suspicious of friends, his daily schedule of work, his famous contempt for etiquette, and conductor — all these traits and characteristics are described in this book by contemporary friends and acquaintances of the great composer.

The compilation contains the most interesting, diaries, evocative, and amusing sections of letters, memoirs, etc.

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Capturing Music: The Story of Notation

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W. W. Norton & Company #ad - In today’s digital landscape, we have the luxury of experiencing music anytime, anywhere. With clarity and a sense of wonder, kelly tells a story that spans five hundred years, melody, leading us on a journey through medieval Europe and showing how we learned to keep track of rhythm, and precise pitch with a degree of accuracy previously unimagined.

Kelly reveals the technological advances that led us to the system of notation we use today, placing each step of its evolution in its cultural and intellectual context. Companion recordings by the renowned blue heron ensemble are paired with vibrant illuminated manuscripts, bringing the art to life and allowing readers to experience something of the marvel that medieval writers must have felt when they figured out how to capture music for all time.

Capturing Music: The Story of Notation #ad - An entertaining history of how musicians learned to record music for all time, filled with art that sings. It allowed singers and soloists to travel across great distances and perform their work with stunning fidelity, a feat that we now very much take for granted. W w norton Company. 100 color illustrations and audio CD W w norton Company.

Thomas forrest kelly transports us to the lively and complex world of monks and monasteries, of a dove singing holy chants into the ear of a saint, and of bustling activity in the Cathedral of Notre Dame―an era when the only way to share even the simplest song was to learn it by rote, church to church and person to person.

But before this instant accessibility and dizzying array of formats―before CDs, the eight-track tape, the radio, and the turntable―there was only one recording technology: music notation.

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A Natural History of the Piano: The Instrument, the Music, the Musicians--from Mozart to Modern Jazz and Everything in Between

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Vintage #ad - A natural history of the piano is fast-paced and intriguing, with beautiful illustrations and photos, a must-read for music lovers and pianists of every level. W w norton Company. Presenting the instrument that has been at the core of musical development over the centuries in all its beauty and complexity, this explores the piano’s capabilities and the range of emotional expression it conveys in different artists’ hands.

A Natural History of the Piano: The Instrument, the Music, the Musicians--from Mozart to Modern Jazz and Everything in Between #ad - W w norton Company. Vintage Books. A fascinating celebration of the piano, told with the expertise of composer and author of Temperament, including tales of its masters from Mozart and Beethoven to Oscar Peterson and Jerry Lee Lewis, Stuart Isacoff. This history takes us back to the piano's humble genesis as a simple keyboard, and shows how everyone from Ferdinando de’ Medici to Herbie Hancock affected its evolution of sound and influence in popular music.

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Music by the Numbers: From Pythagoras to Schoenberg

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Princeton University Press #ad - Other highlights in the book include a comparison between meter in music and metric in geometry, complete with examples of rhythmic patterns from Bach to Stravinsky, and an exploration of a suggestive twentieth-century development: the nearly simultaneous emergence of Einstein's theory of relativity and Schoenberg's twelve-tone system.

Weaving these compelling historical episodes with Maor's personal reflections as a mathematician and lover of classical music, Music by the Numbers will delight anyone who loves mathematics and music. Starting with pythagoras, scientists, and the sciences, mathematics, and eccentrics who played a role in the age-old relationship between music, inventors, proceeding through the work of Schoenberg, Music by the Numbers tells a fascinating story of composers, and ending with contemporary string theory, especially physics and astronomy.

Music by the Numbers: From Pythagoras to Schoenberg #ad - Music by the numbers explores key moments in this history, particularly how problems originating in music have inspired mathematicians for centuries. Yet eli maor argues that music has influenced math at least as much as math has influenced music. Vintage Books. W w norton Company. How music has influenced mathematics, the works of bach are often said to possess a math-like logic, and astronomy from ancient Greece to the twentieth centuryMusic is filled with mathematical elements, and Karlheinz Stockhausen went further, Iannis Xenakis, physics, " while Arnold Schoenberg, and Igor Stravinsky said "musical form is close to mathematics, writing music explicitly based on mathematical principles.

Perhaps the most famous of these problems is the vibrating string, which pitted some of the greatest mathematicians of the eighteenth century against each other in a debate that lasted more than fifty years and that eventually led to the development of post-calculus mathematics.

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On the Sensations of Tone Dover Books on Music

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Dover Publications #ad - It bridges the gap between the natural sciences and music theory and, nearly a century after its first publication, it is still a standard text for the study of physiological acoustics — the scientific basis of musical theory. W w norton Company. On the sensations of Tone is one of the world's greatest scientific classics.

Vintage Books. It is also a treasury of knowledge for musicians and students of music and a major work in the realm of aesthetics, making important contributions to physics, anatomy, and physiology in its establishment of the physical theory of music. W w norton Company. 33 appendices discuss pitch, acoustics, and music, and include a very valuable table and study of the history of pitch in Europe from the fourteenth to the nineteenth centuries.

On the Sensations of Tone Dover Books on Music #ad - . Difficult scientific concepts are explained simply and easily for the general reader. The first two parts of this book deal with the physics and physiology of music. Part i explains the sensation of sound in general, vibrations, sympathetic resonances, and other phenomena. Part ii cover combinational tones and beats, and develops Helmholtz's famous theory explaining why harmonious chords are in the ratios of small whole numbers a problem unsolved since Pythagoras.

Part iii contains the author's theory on the aesthetic relationship of musical tones. After a survey of the different principles of musical styles in history tonal systems of Pythagoras, the Church, discords, he makes a detailed study of our own tonal system keys, and others, Persians, the Chinese, Arabs, progression of parts.

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Music in the Nineteenth Century Western Music in Context: A Norton History

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W. W. Norton & Company #ad - Frisch traces a complex web of relationships involving composers, notated scores, cities, publishers, performers, audiences, oral traditions, institutions, and nations. The final chapter considers the sound world of nineteenth-century music as captured by contemporary witnesses and early recordings. Western music in context: a norton History comprises six volumes of moderate length, each written in an engaging style by a recognized expert.

Used book in Good Condition. Authoritative and current, performed, and heard―focusing not only on composers and works, the series examines music in the broadest sense―as sounds notated, but also on broader social and intellectual currents. W w norton Company. Nineteenth-century music in its cultural, social, and intellectual contexts.

Music in the Nineteenth Century Western Music in Context: A Norton History #ad - Music in the nineteenth century examines the period from the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to the advent of Modernism in the 1890s. The book's central themes include middle-class involvement in music, the cult of virtuosity, the rich but elusive concept of Romanticism, and the ever-changing balance between musical and commercial interests.

Vintage Books. W w norton Company.

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Mozart: A Life

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Penguin Books #ad - The result—a bold, invigorating portrait of one of the most popular and influential composers of all time—is a welcome addition to Johnson’s extraordinary body of work and makes a perfect gift for classical music lovers and fans of biographies. Johnson charts mozart’s life from age three through to his later years—when he penned The Marriage of Figaro and Don Giovanni.

Vintage Books. Used book in Good Condition. In this brilliant biography, acclaimed historian Paul Johnson draws upon his expert knowledge of the era and Mozart’s own private letters to conjure Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s life and times in rich detail. W w norton Company. The result-a bold, invigorating portrait of one of the most popular and influential composers of all time.

Mozart: A Life #ad - In this brilliant biography, acclaimed historian Paul Johnson draws upon his expert knowledge of the era and Mozart's own private letters to conjure Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's life and times in rich detail. Most satisfying. W w norton Company. Johnson charts Mozart's life from age three through to his later years.

Along the way, johnson challenges some of the popular myths that cloud Mozart’s image: his allegedly tempestuous personal relationships and supposedly bitter rivalry with Salieri, as well as the notion that he was desperately impoverished when he died.

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Who Knew?: Answers to Questions about Classical Music you Never Thought to Ask

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Oxford University Press #ad - Did you ever leave an opera performance wondering why the singers use so much vibrato? or a symphony, or why they tune their instruments to an oboe rather than an electronic tuner? Why is Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture played on the 4th of July? And how does a composer choose what key to compose in?In Who Knew?: Answers to Questions about Classical Music You Never Thought to Ask, wondering who decided where on stage the orchestra members should sit, master music educator Robert A.

Cutietta provides lucid answers to these and more than 140 other questions submitted by listeners to his popular weekly radio program. Through its pages, this highly readable guide touches on some of the most curiosity-inducing aspects of the tradition, from why audiences refrain from applauding between movements to how opera singers warm up on the night of a big debut.

Who Knew?: Answers to Questions about Classical Music you Never Thought to Ask #ad - W w norton Company. The responses are drawn from conversations with professional musicians and music educators, with additional contributions by Gail Eichenthal of KUSC, giving a rare glimpse into how musicians think and talk about their work. In this brilliant biography, acclaimed historian Paul Johnson draws upon his expert knowledge of the era and Mozart's own private letters to conjure Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's life and times in rich detail.

Vintage Books. Used book in Good Condition. Johnson charts Mozart's life from age three through to his later years.

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